Friday, June 22, 2012

Sample questions Paper III

Sample questions Paper III

1.  Shantaram, the story of a runaway Australian convict, is written by ………
2. The Emigrant Family is a novel by ……..
3. The Australian author who won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1973
4. The Solid Mandala, an urban Australian novel is written by…
5. Dod Grile is the pseudonym of …..
6. Who is the author of the novel ‘A Grain of Wheat’?
7.  ‘A Dance in the Forest’, the celebration of Nigerian independence, is the work of
8.  ‘Efuru’, a realistic novel of Africa is written by…….
9.  Who is the author of the novel ‘The Interpreters’?
10.Who was the leader of the ‘Wellington Group of poets’?
11. ‘The Maori At Home’ is a famous novel by…………
12.  Which is the first indigenous novel in New Zealand?
13.The author of the feminist novel ‘Angela: A Messenger’ is.
14.  Song of Radha, the Milkmaid is written by………
15.  Savitri, an epic in blank verse was written by…………
16.  Bakha is the central character in Mulk Raj Anand’s novel…….
17.  ‘From Alamein to Zem Zem’ is composed by….
18.  Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque is by
19.  The Scarlet Letter (1850) is the masterpiece of …………..
20.  Who is known by the pseudonym ‘O’Henry?

For answers: please See 'Sample question answers"

Sample question Paper III Answers

Sample question Paper III Answers
1.      Shantaram (2003) is the novel of Gregory David Roberts
2.      The Emigrant  Family; or the story of an Australian settler is the novel of 
      Alexander Harris
3.      The Nobel Prize for literature in 1973 was won by the Australian author 
      Patrick White
4.      The Solid Mandala, an urban Australian novel is written by Patrick White
5.      Dod Grile is the pseudonym of Ambrose Bierce
6.      The author of the novel ‘A Grain of Wheat’ is the Kenyan writer Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o
7.      ‘A Dance in the Forest’,   is by Wole Soyinka
8.      ‘Efuru’, a realistic novel of Africa is written by Flora Nwapa. (Flora Nwapa was the first 
        Nigerian woman to be published and also the first to own a publishing press.)
9.      Wole Soyinka is the author of the novel ‘The Interpreters’?
10.    The Wellington group was started with Louis Johnson.  James K Baxter was 
      a prominent figure in this movement.  Other members are:  Peter Bland, Alistair Campbell,
        and  Gordon Challis
11.  ‘The Maori At Home’ is a famous novel by John White
12.  Te Rou, or, The Maori at Home is the first indigenous novel in New Zealand.
13.  The author of the feminist novel ‘Angela: A Messenger’ (1890) is 
      Edith Searle Grossman.
14.  Song of Radha, the Milkmaid is written by Sarojini Naidu
15.  Savitri, an epic in blank verse was written by Sri Aurobindo
16.  Bakha is the central character in Mulk Raj Anand’s novel The Untouchable
17.  ‘From Alamein to Zem Zem’ is composed by Keith Douglas
18.  Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque is by  Edgar Allan Poe published in 1840
19.  The Scarlet Letter (1850) is the masterpiece of Nathaniel Hawthorne.
20.  William Sydney Porter is known by the pseudonym ‘O’Henry.

Friday, June 15, 2012

Solved UGC NET question Dec 2006

Note : This paper contains fifty (50) multiple-choice questions, each question carrying
two (2) marks. Attempt all of them.

1. The title The Sound and the Fury is taken from :
(A) Hamlet (B) Macbeth
(C) The Tempest (D) King Lear
2. Pecola is a character in :
(A) The Bluest Eye (B) Oliver Twist
(C) Don Quixote (D) Beloved
  • The Bluest Eye is Toni Morrison's novel published in 1970
3. Which of the following was associated with the “Bloomsbury Group”.
(A) T. S. Eliot (B) W. B. Yeats
(C) T. E. Hulme (D) Virginia Woolf
4. Which of the following characters appear in Waiting for Godot :
(A) Jerry (B) Lucky (C) Jimmy Porter (D) Ham
5. About whom did T. S. Eliot write “A thought to him was an experience” :
(A) Herbert (B) Marvell (C) Donne (D) Crashaw
6. The last book of Gulliver’s Travels is :
(A) “Voyage to Houyhnhnms” (B) “Voyage to Laputa”
(C) “Voyage to Brobdingnag” (D) “Voyage to Lilliput”
7. Who edited The Tatler :
(A) Steele and John Locke (B) Addison and Dryden
(C) Addison and Blackmore (D) Addison and Steele
8. John Locke’s “Essay Concerning Human Understanding” is about :
(A) nature of human behaviour (B) nature of the human mind
(C) nature of human society (D) nature of human ideology
9. Restoration Comedy marks the restoration of :
(A) women’s rights (B) democracy
(C) monarchy (D) human rights
10. Which of Alexander Pope’s poems begins with the line “Shut, shut the door, good
John, fatigued I said” :
(A) “Epistle to Dr. Arbuthnot” (B) “Dunciad”
(C) “Epistles” (D) “Rape of the Lock”
11. The statement “One has to convey in a language that is not one’s own the spirit that is
one’s own” appears in :
(A) Ice-Candy Man (B) The Guide
(C) Nagamandala (D) Kanthapura
12. Which of the following author-book pair is correctly matched :
(A) Arundhati Roy - The Autumn of the Patriarch
(B) Gabriel Garcia Marquez - Love in the Time of Cholera
(C) Umber to Eco - The Tin Drum
(D) Jhumpa Lahiri – Beloved
  •         The Tin Drum is a 1959 novel by Günter Grass. The Autumn of the Patriarch is Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s novel written in 1975 and Beloved is a novel by Toni Morrison published in 1987.
13. Which of the following women writers did not receive the Noble Prize :
(A) Toni Morrison (B) Nadine Gordiner
(C) Buchi Emcheta (D) Doris Lessing
  •        Buchi Emcheta is a Nigerian novelish
14. Which of the following is not an Australian author :
(A) Margaret Laurence (B) David Malauf
(C) Mudooroo Narogin (D) Peter Carey
  • Margaret Laurence is a Canadian writer. Colin Thomas Johnson, (Born 21 August 1938)  known by his nom de plume, Mudrooroo Narogin or Mudrooroo Nyoongah is an Australian  novelist, poet, essayist and playwright. since 2001 he has been living in Kapan, Nepal. His many works are centred on Australian Aboriginal characters and Aboriginal topics.
15. The Tulsis of Naipaul’s A House for Mr. Biswas lived in :
(A) Pagotes House (B) Hanuman Mansion
(C) Tulsiana (D) Hanuman House
1     16.   The quotation “a repetition in the finite mind of the eternal act of creation in the infinite                      I AM” appears in :
(A) Lyrical Ballads (B) Biographia Literaria
(C) “In Defense of Poetry” (D) Letters of Keats
17. “Fearful Symmetry” appears in the poem :
(A) “Introduction” (B) “Chimney Sweeper”
(C) “The Tyger” (D) “London”
18. The quotation “when a man is capable of being in uncertainties, mysteries, doubts,
without any irritable reaching after fact and reasons” is a definition of :
(A) Negative capability (B) Secondary imagination
(C) Criticism of life (D) Dissociation of sensibility
19. Which of the following prose-writers do not belong to the Romantic Period :
(A) Peacock (B) De Quincey (C) Hazlitt (D) Gibbon
20. In Pride and Prejudice, Lydia and Wickham eloped to :
(A) Barchester (B) Bath (C) Gretna Green (D) Glasgow
  •          Though Lydia and Wickam decided to go to Gretna Green, they went to London instead.
21. Which of the following thinker-concept pairs is correctly matched :
(A) Frye ........... Mysticism
(B) Derrida ............. Deconstruction
(C) I. A. Richards ........... Archetypal Criticism
(D) Eagleton ............... Psychological Criticism
22. Which of the following thinker concept pairs is correctly matched :
(A) Abhinava Gupta .............. Dhwanyaloka
(B) Vaman .............. Kavya Alankar
(C) Mamata .............. Kavya Prakash
(D) Bharata .............. Vakrokti
Ø  Dwanyaloka – Ananda vardhana, Kavya prakash – Mammat, Kavya Alankar –Pandit Var Shri Vaman  , Vakrokti –Kuntaka, Natysastra -Bharata  
23. Choose the correct sequence of the following schools of criticism :
(A) Structuralism, Deconstruction, Reader-Response, New Historicism
(B) New Historicism, Reader-Response, Deconstruction, Structuralism
(C) Deconstruction, New Historicism, Structuralism, Reader-Response
(D) Reader-Response, Deconstruction, New Historicism, Structuralism
24. “Hamartia” means :
(A) reversal of fortunes (B) purgation of emotions
(C) depravity (D) error of judgement
25. The term “gynocriticism” was coined by :
(A) Betty Friedman (B) Elaine Showalter
(C) Luce Irigarey (D) Susan Sontag
26. Which is the correct sequence :
(A) D. G. Rossetti, George Eliot, Bronte Sisters, Thackeray
(B) George Eliot, D. G. Rossetti, Bronte Sisters, Thackeray
(C) Thackeray, Bronte Sisters, George Eliot, D. G. Rossetti
(D) Bronte Sisters, George Eliot, Thackeray, D. G. Rossetti
Ø  Thackeray (1811-1863), Brontes- Charlotte (1816), Emily (1818), and Anne (1820)George Eliot (1819-1880) D.G Rossetti 1828-1882
27. Which of Dickens’ novels opens with the words “It was the best of times, it was the
worst of times .... “.
(A) A Tale of Two Cities (B) Oliver Twist
(C) Pickwick Papers (D) Hard Times
28. The term “The Fleshly School of Poetry” is associated with the :
(A) Chartists (B) Pre-Raphaelites
(C) Symbolists (D) Imagists
29. The line “The sea is calm tonight” occurs in :
(A) Tennyson’s “Maude” (B) Arnold’s “Thyrsis”
(C) Tennyson’s “The Lotos-Eaters” (D) Arnold’s “Dover Beach”
30. The term “gothic”, a category of fiction, also applies to :
(A) architecture (B) painting (C) music (D) theater
31. The gap-toothed character in “prologue” to The Centerbury Tales is :
(A) the Prioress (B) the Nun
(C) the Wife of Bath (D) the Narrator
32. Which of the following is not a Revenge Tragedy :
(A) Duchess of Malfi (B) Volpone
(C) Hamlet (D) Gorboduc
Ø  Volpone, or The Fox is a comedy by Ben Jonson.  Gorboduc or ‘Ferrex and Porrex’ is the first English tragedy by Thomas Norton and Sackville in 1561.  Ferrex and Porrex are the sons of king Gorboduc.
33. Miracle plays are based on the lives of :
(A) Knights (B) Crusaders (C) Pilgrims (D) Saints
34. The Red cross Knight is Spenser’s Faerie Queene represents :
(A) Temperance (B) Chastity (C) Truth (D) Falsehood
35. The line “Present fears/Are less than horrible imaginings” appear in :
(A) Macbeth (B) King Lear
(C) Othello (D) Julius Caesar
36. The author of Ars Poetica is :
(A) Plato (B) Horace (C) Virgil (D) Aristotle
37. Which of the following is not a work by Dr. Johnson :
(A) Preface to the English Dictionary (B) Preface to Shakespeare
(C) Lives of English Poets (D) Cowley
38. Which novel of Daniel Defoe was considered to be the best by E. M. Forster ?
(A) Colonel Jack (B) Robinson Crusoe
(C) Captain Singleton (D) Moll Flanders
39. Edmund Burke denounced the French Revolution in :
(A) Political Philosophy
(B) A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of our Ideas of the Sublime and the
(C) Reflections
(D) The Annual Register
40. The line “A man can be destroyed but not defeated” appears in :
(A) For Whom the Bell Tolls (B) The Old Man and the Sea
(C) The Snows of Kilimanjaro (D) The Sun also Rises
41. Who among the following is called “A New England Poet” :
(A) Robert Frost (B) Edwin Arlington Robinson
(C) William Carlos Williams (D) Allen Ginsberg
42. Which of the following is not a play by Tennessee Williams :
(A) Night of the Iguana (B) A Streetcar named Desire
(C) Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (D) The Zoo Story
Ø  The Zoo Story is by Edward Albee
43. Margaret Atwood’s Survival is :
(A) a critical assessment of Canadian writing
(B) a thematic guide to Canadian literature
(C) a critique of Canadian polity
(D) a exposition of Canadian history
44. The term “Negritude” was coined by :
(A) Frantz Fanon and Homi Bhabha
(B) Ngugi Wa’ Thiongo and Wole Soyinka
(C) Ainee Cesaire and Leopold Senghor
(D) K. Alfred Memi and Chinua Achebe
Ø  Aime Cesaire in his poem Notebook of a Return to the native Land 1939
45. Bertolt Brecht’s concept of theatre was influenced by :
(A) Irwin Piscator (B) Antonin Artaud
(C) Peter Brook (D) Eugino Barba
Ø  Brecht had collaborated with Erwin Piscator, father of political theatre. Piscator's theatre was utilitarian.  Just like Brecht, Piscator's theatre was a direct response to the events taking place around him
46. The relationship between Othello and Iago is an example of :
(A) inversion (B) irony
(C) innuendo (D) invective
47. A metrical foot consisting of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable is :
(A) dactyl (B) trochee (C) iamb (D) anapaest
48. The rhyme scheme of a Shakespearean sonnet is :
(A) abab, cdcd, efef, gg (B) abba, cddc, effe, gg
(C) abcd, efgh, effe, hh (D) abca, abca, bcab, dd
49. Using “the Bench” for the judiciary is an example of :
(A) metaphor (B) irony (C) Synecdoche (D) metonymy
50. Four feet, comprising a monosyllable, trochee, dactyl and first paeon is often called :
(A) running rhythm
(B) sprung rhythm
(C) blank verse
(D) rhymed verse
- o O o -

Friday, June 1, 2012

UGC NET solved Dec 2009

1. A classical influence on Ben Jonson’s Volpone is
(A) Juvenal (B) Aristophanes (C) Plautus (D) Terence

2. Kipling’s “The White Man’s Burden” is addressed to
(A) The American imperial mission in the Philippines.
(B) The Belgian colonial expansion in the Congo.
(C) The British Imperial presence in Nigeria.
(D) The British colonial entry into Afghanistan.
3. Poetry : A Magazine of Verse was founded by Harriet Monroe in
(A) 1922 (B) 1920 (C) 1918 (D) 1912

4. Who among the following was Geoffrey Chaucer’s contemporary?
(A) Thomas Chatterton (B) John Gower
(C) Thomas Shadwell (D) John Gay

5. Which of the following is NOT written by Walter Scott?
(A) Ivanhoe (B) Lady of the Lake
(C) Heart of Midlothian (D) The English Mail Coach
Ø  The English Mail Coach is a novel by Thomas De Quincey
6. “Provincializing Europe” is a concept propounded by
(A) Edward Said (B) Paul Gilroy
(C) Abdul R. Gurnah (D) Dipesh Chakravarty

7. The earliest tract on feminism is
(A) Simone de Beauvoir’s The Second Sex
(B) Virginia Woolf’s A Room of One’s Own
(C) Mary Wollstonecraft’s A Vindication of the Rights of Woman
(D) Mary Astell’s A Serious Proposal to the Ladies

8. Match the imaginary location with its creator:
1. Emily Bronte 2. Thomas Hardy
3. Lowood Parsonage 4. Charles Dickens
5. Wessex 6. Egdon Heath
7. Coketown 8. Charlotte Bronte
(A) 1-7 2-5 4-6 3-8 (B) 1-6 2-5 3-8 4-7
(C) 1-5 2-6 3-8 4-7 (D) 2-5 1-7 3-4 6-8

9. Which Chaucerian text parodies Dante’s The Divine Comedy ?
(A) The Canterbury Tales (B) The Book of the Duchess
(C) The House of Fame (D) Legend of Good Women

10. Essays of Elia was published in
(A) 1800 (B) 1823 (C) 1827 (D) 1850

11. Which of the following is an example of homosexual fiction ?
(A) The Well of Loneliness (B) Maurice
(C) Orlando (D) The Ballad of the Reading Gaol

12. W.B. Yeat’s “Easter 1916” is
(A) a response to a major political uprising
(B) a reminiscence of his visit to a nursery school
(C) a love poem for Maud Gonne
(D) an ode to his native country

13. William Empson’s Seven Types of Ambiguity is
(A) A structuralist study of narrative
(B) A piece of psychoanalytic criticism
(C) A study of the media
(D) An analysis of poetic ambivalence
14. Who among the following is associated with the ideology of Utilitarianism?
(A) J.A. Froude (B) Charles Kingsley
(C) J.S. Mill (D) Cardinal Newman
15. The ‘Condition of England’ literature refers to
(A) The literature written by the labour class.
(B) The literature of England extolling living conditions.
(C) The literature of England depicting the vulnerability of labour classes.
(D) The literature of England depicting the imperial projects abroad.

16. Philip Sidney wrote An Apology for Poetry in immediate response to
(A) Plato’s Republic
(B) Aristotle’s Poetics
(C) Stephen Gosson’s The School of Abuse
(D) Jeremy Collier’s Immorality and Profaneness of the English Stage.

17. Silence ! The Court is in Session is a _________ play translated into English.
(A) Gujarati (B) Bengali (C) Marathi (D) Kannada

18. Arrange the following in ascending order in terms of size :
1. epic 2. epigram 3. stanza 4. sonnet
(A) 1 2 3 4 (B) 2 1 3 4
(C) 2 3 4 1 (D) 1 3 4 2

19. “Fail I alone in words and deeds ?/Why, all men strive and who succeeds ?” These
lines are from
(A) “Rabbi Ben Ezra” (B) “Fra Lippo Lippi”
(C) “Caliban upon Setebos” (D) “The Last Ride Together”

20. Dr. Johnson’s “The Vanity of Human Wishes” expresses
(A) Epicureanism (B) Humanism (C) Stoicism (D) Cynicism

21. “A trivial comedy for serious people” was the subtitle for
(A) Everyman in His Humour (B) Blythe Spirit
(C) The Way of the World (D) The Importance of Being Earnest.

22. Which famous elegy closes with the following lines ?
“In the deserts of the heart/Let the healing fountain start,/In the prison of his days,/
Teach the free man how to praise.”
(A) In Memoriam (B) Thyrsis
(C) “In Memory of W.B. Yeats” (D) “Verses on the Death of T.S. Eliot”

23. The Temple is a collection of poems by
(A) Thomas Carew (B) Robert Herrick
(C) George Herbert (D) Richard Crashaw

24. Ben Jonson’s comedies are
(A) Volpone, Bartholomew Fair, The Shoemaker’s Holiday
(B) Volpone, The Alchemist, Epicoene
(C) Volpone, The Alchemist, The Knight of the Burning Pestle
(D) Volpone, Epicoene, The Shoemaker’s Holiday
25. What is ‘L’ Allegro’s’ companion piece called?
(A) Lamia (B) Hyperion (C) Il Penseroso (D) Thyrsis

26. Match the character with the novel :
1. Caddy 2. Lennie
3. Jake Barnes 4. Tommy Wilhelm
5. The Sound and the Fury 6. Of Mice and Men
7. The Sun Also Rises 8. Seize the Day
Codes :
(A) 1-5 2-6 3-7 4-8 (B) 2-7 1-8 3-5 4-6
(C) 3-5 4-6 2-8 1-7 (D) 4-5 3-8 2-7 1-8

27. Who among the following writers belonged to the American Beat Movement?
(A) Allen Ginsberg (B) Mark Beard
(C) Isaac McCaslih (D) Charles Beard

28. “The Lost Generation” is a name applied to the disillusioned intellectuals and aesthetes of the years following the First World War. Who called them “The Lost Generation”?
(A) H.L. Mencken (B) Willa Cather
(C) Jack London (D) Gertrude Stein
1. an extravagant exaggeration 2. a racist slur
3. a metrical skill 4. a figure of speech
(A) 1 is correct (B) 1 and 4 are correct
(C) 1 and 3 are correct (D) 3 is correct

30. “Imagined Communities” is a concept propounded by
(A) Benedict Anderson (B) Homi Bhabha
(C) Aijaz Ahmed (D) Partha Chatterjee

31. The New Historicists include
(A) Greenblatt, Showalter, Montrose (B) Greenblatt, Sinfield, Butler
(C) Greenblatt, Montrose, Goldberg (D) Williams, Greenblatt, Belsey
32. Wallace Stevens’ “The Man with the Blue Guitar” may be linked to the work of the following artist:
(A) Modigliani (B) Chagall (C) Picasso (D) Cezanne
33. The author of Gender Trouble is
(A) Elaine Showalter (B) Helene Cixous
(C) Michele Barrett (D) Judith Butler

34. The structural analysis of signs was practised by
(A) Michel Foucault (B) Jacques Lacan
(C) Julia Kristeva (D) Roland Barthes

35. Which of the following is a spoof of a Gothic novel ?
(A) Frankenstein (B) Northanger Abbey
(C) Castle of Otranto (D) Mysteries of Udolfo
36. The “madwoman in the attic” is a specific reference to
(A) The narrator of “Goblin Market”
(B) Augusta Egg’s 1858 narrative painting
(C) The Heroine of The Yellow Wallpaper
(D) Bertha Mason of Jane Eyre

37. Assertion (A) : Dr Johnson’s The Lives of the Poets carries critical and biographical studies of poets he admired. It does not, however, carry a life of
William Wordsworth.
Reason (R) : Dr. Johnson singled out poets whom he not only admired but also
adored. This explains his omission of Wordsworth.
(A) (A) is wrong but (R) is correct.
(B) (A) is true but (R) is false.
(C) (A) and (R) are true.
(D) Neither (A) nor (R) is true.

38. What is the correct chronological sequence of the following ?
(A) Moll Flanders, Pamela, Joseph Andrews, Tristram Shandy
(B) Joseph Andrews, Tristram Shandy, Pamela, Moll Flanders
(C) Tristram Shandy, Moll Flanders, Pamela, Joseph Andrews
(D) Pamela, Moll Flanders, Joseph Andrews, Tristram Shandy

39. “How can what an Englishman believes be heresy? Itis a contradiction in terms.”
This means
1. An Englishman does not know what heresy is.
2. An Englishman has no beliefs.
3. And, therefore, there is no question of his heresy.
4. And, therefore, there cannot be any question of his acting his beliefs.
(A) 1 and 4 are correct (B) 2 and 1 are correct
(C) 1 and 3 are correct (D) 2 and 4 are correct

40. Which of the following is an essentially Freudian concept?
(A) Archetype (B) The Uncanny
(C) The Absurd (D) The Imaginary

41. He wrote an essay called “Conrad’s Darkness” where he praises the earlier writer for offering him a vision of the world’s “half-made societies’. Identify the writer.
(A) Chinua Achebe (B) V.S. Naipaul
(C) Salman Rushdie (D) Ngugi wa Thiongo

42. “Magic Realism” is closely associated with
(A) Italo Calvino (B) Gabriel Garcia Marquez
(C) Anita Desai (D) Rohinton Mistry

43. Who among the following combines anthropology, history and fiction?
(A) Kamala Markandya (B) Mulk Raj Anand
(C) Upmanyu Chatterjee (D) Amitav Ghosh

44. Which of the following is NOT a Partition novel?
(A) Train to Pakistan (B) Sunlight on a Broken Column
(C) The Shadow Lines (D) In Custody
45. Which of the following options is correct?
(i) Transcendentalism was a philosophical and literary movement.
(ii) It flourished in the Southern States of America in the 19th century.
(iii) It was a reaction against 18th century rationalism and the skeptical philosophy of Locke.
(iv) Among the major texts of Transcendentalist thought are the essays of Emerson,
Thoreau’s Walden and the writings of Margaret Fuller.
(A) (i) and (iv) are correct. (B) (ii) and (iii) are correct.
(C) (iii) and (iv) are correct. (D) (iv) is correct

Read the following passage carefully, and select the right answers from the alternatives given below in the question 46 to 50 :
It would be more accurate to say that discourse, rather than language, plays a crucial part in structuring our experience. The whole idea of ‘language’ is something of a fiction: what we normally refer to as ‘language’ can more realistically be seen as heterogeneous collection of discourses. Each of us has access to a range of discourses, and it is these different discourses which give us access to, or enable us to perform, different ‘selves’. A discourse can be conceptualized as a ‘system of statements which cohere around common meanings and values’. So, for example, in contemporary Britain there are discourses which can be labeled ‘conservative’ – that is, discourses which emphasize values and meanings where the status quo is cherished: and there are discourses which can be labeled ‘patriarchal’ – that is, discourses which emphasize meanings and values which assume the superiority of males. Dominant discourses such as these appear ‘natural’: they are powerful precisely because they are able to make invisible the fact that they are just one among many different discourses.
Theorizing language in this way is still new in linguistics (to the extent that many linguists would not regard analysis in terms of discourses as being part of linguistics). One of the advantages of talking about discourses rather than about language is that the concept’ discourse’ acknowledges the value-laden nature of language. There is no neutral discourse: whenever we speak we have to choose between different systems of meaning, different sets of values. This process allows us to show how language is implicated in our construction of different ‘selves’: different discourses position us in different ways in relation to the world.
Questions :
46. Which of the following is True in the light of this passage ?
(A) Language is inaccurate. (B) Discourse is accurate.
(C) Language comprises discourse. (D) Discourse comprises language.

47. What words/phrases suggest the plurality of discourse in this passage?
I. different selves II. range
III. system of statements IV. heterogeneous collection
(A) II and IV (B) II and III (C) III and IV (D) I

48. Having called language “something of a fiction”, how does the author suggest its opposite ?
By using the phrase
(A) conceptualized as a system (B) more accurate to say
(C) range of discourses (D) more realistically be seen

49. Which among the following statements is NOT true ?
(A) Conservative discourses plead for the status quo.
(B) Patriarchal discourses privilege male values.
(C) Dominant discourses are natural.
(D) Dominant discourses seem natural.

50. What does this passage plead for ?
(A) Theorizing language in a new way.
(B) Theorizing language in terms of discourses.
(C) Studying language as discourse.
(D) Studying discourse as language